The consent procedure for Child Research requires parents or legal guardians to allow their children to become research subjects. The children, depending on their stage of development, agree. Consent is the voluntary and positive consent of an individual to participate in the research. A participant`s non-interlocutor cannot be construed as consent. As with all approval processes, the child`s parental authorization and consent processes must contain all the information necessary for potential participants to make an informed decision. Authorization and consent forms must be presented in the appropriate language and level of reading, and the voluntary nature of participation must be clarified. Our results indicate that in Igbo-Ora, the opinions of community elders are not considered essential in personal decisions regarding participation in research in the genetics of the study of hypertension. Researchers generally consult some tribal elders or leaders in environments where community members recognize these individuals as local authorities.1,60,61 Elders` opinions on a study could be communicated to the local population through accepted social sites, such as council meetings or public events. In this public context, it is likely that the views of community leaders will influence decisions about participation in studies. Psychologists do not mislead potential participants about research that is reasonably expected to cause physical pain or severe emotional disturbance. APA Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Effective June 1, 2003.
Participants may react differently to informed consent to genetic research, as research can have serious implications for family relationships, personal and ethnic identity, and emotional terms of “race.” 53 Genetic research differs from other types of medical research because of culturally based beliefs about heredity. The inherited genetic characteristics cannot be changed. In addition, the results of genetic research can reinforce racist stereotypes or lead to practices that discriminate against individuals or population groups. “Passive Consent” has been used in school research to meet the challenges of parental written permission. The passive approval process involves notifying parents that the research will take place and giving them the opportunity to declare that they do not want their children to participate. So if the parents do not remove their children in response to the notification, they have given permission. However, the passive consent process does not mean informed consent. Passive approval is strongly disapproved by the FSU IRB. The federal ordinance requires that the permission of parents or legal guardians to participate in research be guaranteed or granted in accordance with the four criteria set out in the regulations.
On a very practical level, sending a communication does not mean that the communication is communicated for a number of reasons, including the inability of parents to read.